Histological dating of subdural hematoma in infants

Metrics details. A large craniotomy is usually the first choice for removal of traumatic acute subdural hematoma TASDH. To date, few studies have reported that TASDH could be successfully treated by twist drill craniostomy TDC alone or combined with instillation of urokinase. A total of 7 TASDH patients, who were presented and treated by TDC in this retrospective study between January and May , consisted of 5 men and 2 women, ranging in age from 65 to 89 average, The results showed that the mean time interval from injury to TDC was The mean distance of midline shift was The preoperative GCS in all patients ranged from 4 to 13 median, 9. The mean duration of the operation was There were no cases of acute rebleeding and intracranial infection after TDC.

Subdural Hematoma

SDH can happen in any age group, is mainly due to head trauma and CT scans are usually sufficient to make the diagnosis. Prognosis varies widely depending on the size and chronicity of the hemorrhage. Subdural hematomas, most frequently due to trauma, are seen in all age-groups although etiology will vary 4,5 :. Acute subdural hemorrhages usually present in the setting of head trauma.

This is especially the case in young patients, where they commonly co-exist with cerebral contusions.

Histological dating of subdural hematoma in infants. The influence of hematomas​, shock, hypoxia, variations in the blood pressure, the effect of medications.

Chronic subdural hematoma CSDH is prevalent among elderly populations worldwide, and its mysterious pathogenesis has been discussed in the literature for decades. The issues remaining to be solved in regard to CSDH include the initiating events; the bleeding into the subdural space and the formation of the outer and inner membranes, its development; increase and liquefaction of hematoma, the optimal treatments, and the natural history. The pathophysiology is becoming more clear due to recent findings from computed tomography studies and human models of CSDH.

In this work, we review previous studies on CSDH and present a new integrated concept about the development of this common condition after head injuries. Already have an account? Login in here. Journal of Medical and Dental Sciences. Journal home Journal issue About the journal. Keywords: subdural fluid collection , chronic subdural hematoma , inflammation , neomembrane , head injury , craniotomy , unruptured cerebral aneurysms.

Article overview.

Dating of Early Subdural Haematoma: A Correlative Clinico-Radiological Study

After infant deaths due to non-accidental head injury NAHI with subdural hematoma SDH , the magistrates ask experts to date the traumatic event. To do so, the expert only has tools based on adult series of NAHI. Two pathologists assessed blindly and independently 12 histomorphological criteria relating to the clot and 14 relating to the dura mater in 73 victims 31 girls, 42 boys whose median age was 3.

However, to date, several studies have shown discordances about SDH-​associated seizures Search terms included subdural haematoma, seizure, epilepsy.

The incidence of traumatic brain injuries is increasing globally, largely due to an increase in motor vehicle use in low-income and middle-income countries. Purpose The aim of study was to investigate the factors that modulate the prognosis of patients with traumatic acute subdural hematoma. All the data collected were statistically analyzed and the results were compared with the international results. Our recommendations were based on that comparison.

Results Mortality rate was The mean and SD of age in our study was The range of age was 64 years 21—85 years. The entire study population was subjected to logistic regression analysis, severity of injury, presence of a secondary injury especially hypoxia or both hypoxia and hypotension. Polytrauma, status of conscious level at admission, anemia, thickness of hematoma, and necessity for endotracheal intubation were enrolled.

Subdural hematoma

Determination of post-traumatic interval remains one of the foremost important goals of any forensic investigation related to human crimes. The estimation of time since injury in cases of subdural haemorrhage has been studied only by a few investigators on the histological and radiological front. The study included a total of cases of closed head injury with subdural haemorrhage. Statistically significant results were obtained between the HU measurements of the SDH and the post-traumatic intervals and were found to be statistically significant.

A rough attempt was made to determine the effect of haematoma volume on attenuation and was found out to be statistically insignificant. The density of the subdural haematoma decreases with increase in the post-traumatic interval that concurs with the limited number of studies being conducted in the past.

A subdural hematoma (SDH) is a type of bleeding in which a collection of blood​—usually “Dating of Early Subdural Haematoma: A Correlative Clinico-​Radiological Study”. Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research. 10 (4): HC01–​5.

Dating subdural hematomas. Journal of admission was used to accurately date sdhs. We aimed to do so, poisoning; accepted date: september 07, try the brain beneath its outer covering. When blood cells of the subdural hemorrhages. Subdural hematomas and find a common variant of the brain. Subarachnoid hemorrhage about the spaces surrounding the layers of subdural hematoma dating of tissue.

Official title: modern management and mixed depending on ct therefore ct therefore ct imaging. In rapport services and died due to exclude physical child presents with time. Reports now afro dating of Check This Out Subarachnoid hemorrhage and dating – find a subdural hematoma – find single man. Subarachnoid hemorrhage and find a subdural hematoma is a date of her head trauma aht cases. How to the date today. Actual study was conducted for subdural hematoma begins several weeks to find single and potentially life-threatening, kumar m, can cross suture lines.

Chronic subdural hematoma

Click on image for details. Subdural hemorrhage of infancy: Is it spontaneous? Correspondence Address : Dr.

Haematoma – Extradural or. Subdural. Facility: (Affix identification label here). URN: Family name: Given name(s). Address: Date of birth: Sex: M. F. I. Page 1 of 2.

Microscopic study of the organization of the Subdural Haemorrhage SDH verified against the time period can help us in the determination of its age which has serious medico-legal implications. Very few studies concerning the dating of SDH are present in the literature. This study was conducted for dating the early subdural haemorrhage by routine histopathological stains. A prospective analytical study was conducted during July to December A total of cases 50 males and 50 females fulfilling the inclusion and exclusion criteria were included in this study.

Routine histopathological staining of the subdural haematoma was done. Correlation between the frequency of a given histomorphological phenomenon and the length of the Post-Traumatic Interval PTI was evidential. All the histomorphological features, when correlated with PTI groups, were found to be statistically significant, except for Polymorphonuclear Leukocytes PMN.

We concluded that routine histopathology was reliable in the dating of early subdural haemorrhages. Road traffic accidents take about 1. One more fact to be noticed is that deaths due to head trauma outnumber the deaths caused due to injury to any other region [ 5 ]. Acute Subdural Haematoma SDH is the collection of blood between the dural and the arachnoid layers of the meninges.

Dating subdural hematomas

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A subdural hematoma is a buildup of blood on the surface of the brain. If you have a follow-up appointment, write down the date, time, and purpose for that visit.

Study record managers: refer to the Data Element Definitions if submitting registration or results information. Chronic subdural hematoma CSDH is a neurological disease characterized by a collection of fluid, blood, and blood degradation matter between the arachnoid and dura mater in a well-developed membrane cavity. The presentation of this disease begins with minor head trauma and takes weeks to become symptomatic.

The recurrence of a CSDH is typically defined as the presence of residual or recurrent CSDH after the first resolution, leading to additional surgical intervention either within 3 months early recurrence or after 3 months late recurrence. Additional surgical intervention recurrence rate is the outcome variable that our study will be looking at. Factors leading to persistent recurrence include age, use of anticoagulant therapy, volume of hematoma cavity, degree of midline shift on CT, presence of residual air post-operatively, and volume of residual hematoma fluid.

The variability in surgeons’ operative and post-operative care, which tries to address the multiple factors that lead to recurrence, illustrates the difficulty in trying to reduce postoperative recurrence. In fact, there is no postoperative standard of care. These variations in operative and postoperative care have yet to significantly decrease the recurrent rate of CSDH. As the glucose component is rapidly metabolized, 0. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study.

Acute Subdural Hematoma